Eye burns: an emergency and continuing problem

Burns. 2000 Dec;26(8):689-99. doi: 10.1016/s0305-4179(00)00044-9.


Adequate treatment of eye burns is an essential task of rescue teams. Clinical and occupational medicine studies have shown that efficient emergency treatment can prevent severe eye damage, but therapy is frequently delayed or inadequate. When initial therapy has been delayed or missed, several treatment strategies, including surgery, are available that may improve the outcome of an injury with poor visual prognosis. Discussed in this review are common accident mechanisms, causative agents and biophysical/pathogenetic aspects of eye burns, together with emergency and long-term treatment strategies including surgical procedures, and factors influencing outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antidotes / administration & dosage*
  • Burns, Chemical / diagnosis
  • Burns, Chemical / therapy*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Emergency Treatment / methods*
  • Eye Burns / chemically induced*
  • Eye Burns / diagnosis
  • Eye Burns / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Male
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment


  • Antidotes