Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis is involved in the etiology of some cardiovascular diseases. The soluble form of VEGF receptor, FLT-1 (sFLT-1), is a potent antagonist of VEGF. Therefore, we investigated whether transfection with the sFLT-1 gene could inhibit VEGF-induced angiogenesis. Human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells were transfected with plasmids containing VEGF and sFLT-1 (pCMV-VEGF and pCMV-sFLT-1) by the calcium-phosphate co-precipitation method. VEGF- and/or sFLT-1-transfected HEK-293 cells were incubated for 24 h, and then conditioned medium was collected. The effects of conditioned medium on angiogenesis were tested by incorporation of [3H]thymidine into human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Expression of VEGF protein was determined by Western blotting. The conditioned medium from sFLT-1 gene-transfected HEK-293 cells significantly inhibited recombinant VEGF-induced increase in [3H]thymidine incorporation by HUVECs. VEGF gene-transfected HEK-293 cells secreted VEGF protein into conditioned medium. This conditioned medium increased [3H]thymidine incorporation by HUVECs, which was significantly inhibited by co-transfection of sFLT-1 gene with VEGF gene. These observations suggested that sFLT-1 gene transfer could inhibit VEGF-induced DNA synthesis of vascular endothelial cells.