Bioglass 45S5 is an osteoproductive material, which resorbs by releasing its constitutive ions into solution. Treatment with the ionic products of Bioglass 45S5 dissolution in DMEM for 4 days increased human osteoblast proliferation to 155% of control. Two days after treatment, differential gene expression was analyzed by cDNA microarrays. Expression of a potent osteoblast mitogenic growth factor, insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), was increased to 290%. Additionally, there was a 168% increase in the concentration of unbound IGF-II protein in the conditioned media of treated osteoblasts. Expression levels of IGFBP-3, an IGF-II carrier protein, metalloproteinase-2 and cathepsin-D were also increased to 200, 340, and 310% of control levels, respectively. Metalloproteinase-2 and cathepsin-D are proteases that cleave IGF-II from its carrier proteins, resulting in the release of the unbound biologically active IGF-II. We suggest that the stimulatory effect of the ionic products of Bioglass 45S5 dissolution on osteoblast proliferation may be mediated by IGF-II.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.