TRAIL, a novel member of the TNF family, acts through membrane receptors to induce apoptosis of activated T lymphocytes and may represent a mechanism for the "immune escape" of certain cancers. Various cytokines appear to increase expression of other TNF family members; however, the regulation of TRAIL has not been defined. The purpose of this study was to assess molecular mechanisms regulating TRAIL gene expression in human colon cancers. In this study, we have cloned the human TRAIL (hTRAIL) promoter ( approximately 1.6 kb) and identified a number of putative transcription factor binding sites such as NFAT, AP-1 and Sp1 sequences which are important for the expression of other TNF family members. Transient transfections of 5'-deletion promoter constructs into either Caco-2 or HT29 colon cancer cells identified TRAIL promoter regions critical for both basal and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-mediated induction. Furthermore, induction of TRAIL mRNA levels was demonstrated in HT29 and Caco-2 cells with IFN-gamma treatment suggesting an important role for this cytokine in TRAIL expression.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.