Brain-specific expression of novel G-protein-coupled receptors, with homologies to Xenopus PSP24 and human GPR45

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Oct 5;276(3):952-6. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.3569.


From mouse genomic libraries and human brain cDNA, we cloned three novel G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which have about 55-70% homologies with Xenopus PSP24 (xPSP24). Together with another human cDNA (GPR45) cloned by Marchese et al. (Genomics 56, 12-21, 1999). they comprise a family of mammalian PSP24s. Therefore, we termed these clones mouse PSP24alpha, beta, and human PSP24alpha, beta. The homologies between alpha and beta isoforms were 54% for human and 51% for mouse clones. None of these clones shares sequence similarities with any known mammalian GPCRs, thus forming a unique gene family. Northern blot demonstrated that both of the mouse transcripts were predominantly expressed in the brain. In situ hybridization of brain sections showed that the expression was observed in neuronal cells, such as olfactory mitral cells, cortical neurons, hippocampal pyramidal cells, and Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. We suggest that mammalian PSP24 is a distinct GPCR family and plays a role in the brain function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Organ Specificity
  • Protein Isoforms / chemistry
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / chemistry*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled*
  • Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology
  • Xenopus Proteins*
  • Xenopus laevis*


  • PSP24 receptor, Xenopus
  • Protein Isoforms
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB030566
  • GENBANK/AF139642
  • GENBANK/AF139643