To establish the segmental, cellular, and subcellular localization of AQP7 in rat and mouse kidney, we used RT-PCR, immunocytochemical, and immunoblotting approaches. RT-PCR of rat and mouse kidney zones revealed AQP7 mRNA in cortex and outer stripe of the outer medulla. RT-PCR on microdissected nephron segments revealed AQP7 mRNA in proximal convoluted and straight tubules. Immunoblotting using peptide-derived rabbit antibodies to either rat or mouse AQP7 revealed a 28-kDa band in kidney and testes from rat and mouse, respectively. Immunocytochemistry revealed strong AQP7 labeling of segment 3 proximal tubules and weaker labeling of proximal convoluted tubules in both rat and mouse kidneys. The labeling was almost exclusively confined to the brush border with no basolateral labeling. No labeling was observed of thin descending limbs or collecting duct. Immunolabeling controls were negative. The presence of AQP7 in the proximal tubule brush border indicates a role of AQP7 in proximal tubule water reabsorption.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.