Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2000 Oct;19(3):247-52.
doi: 10.1016/s0740-5472(00)00104-5.

Reduced Injection Frequency and Increased Entry and Retention in Drug Treatment Associated With Needle-Exchange Participation in Seattle Drug Injectors

Affiliations

Reduced Injection Frequency and Increased Entry and Retention in Drug Treatment Associated With Needle-Exchange Participation in Seattle Drug Injectors

H Hagan et al. J Subst Abuse Treat. .

Abstract

The association between needle exchange, change in drug use frequency and enrollment and retention in methadone drug treatment was studied in a cohort of Seattle injection drug users (IDUs). Participants included IDUs classified according to whether they had used a needle exchange by study enrollment and during the 12-month follow-up period. The relative risk (RR) and the adjusted RR (ARR) were estimated as measures of the association. It was found that IDUs who had formerly been exchange users were more likely than never-exchangers to report a substantial (> or= 75%) reduction in injection (ARR = 2.85, 95% confidence limit [CL] 1.47-5.51), to stop injecting altogether (ARR = 3.5, 95% CL 2.1-5.9), and to remain in drug treatment. New users of the exchange were five times more likely to enter drug treatment than never-exchangers. We conclude that reduced drug use and increased drug treatment enrollment associated with needle exchange participation may have many public health benefits, including prevention of blood-borne viral transmission.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 39 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback