Identification and characterization of human Wee1B, a new member of the Wee1 family of Cdk-inhibitory kinases

Genes Cells. 2000 Oct;5(10):839-47. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2443.2000.00367.x.

Abstract

Background: In eukaryotic cells, the kinase activity of the mitosis-promoting complex composed of cyclin B and Cdc2 (Cdk1) is negatively regulated by the phosphorylation of Cdk1 on threonine or tyrosine residues within its ATP binding domain.

Results: We identified human Wee1B by searching a sequence database. The predicted human Wee1B protein comprises 561 amino acids. Northern blot analysis revealed that human Wee1B mRNA is particularly abundant in testis. Interestingly, RT-PCR using early embryos revealed that the Wee1B product was readily detectable at the mature oocyte, but abruptly disappeared at embryonic day 2.5, suggesting that the amount of Wee1B mRNA is dependent on the maternal expression. GFP-Wee1B showed a predominantly nuclear localization in HeLa cells. Human Wee1B was able to rescue the lethal phenotype of the fission yeast wee1-50Deltamik1 mutant, and over-expression of the human protein in these cells resulted in cell elongation as a result of arrest of the cell cycle at the G2-M transition. Recombinant Wee1B effectively phosphorylated cyclin B-associated Cdk1 on tyrosine-15, resulting in an inactivation of the kinase activity of Cdk1.

Conclusion: We identified human Wee1B as a novel Cdk1-inhibitory kinase. The identification of this new member of the Wee1 family suggests that inhibition of Cdk1 is mediated at multiple levels in mammals.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cyclin B / metabolism
  • Cyclin B1
  • Cyclin B2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Female
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Oocytes / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / chemistry*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / isolation & purification
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Testis / metabolism
  • Transfection

Substances

  • CCNB1 protein, human
  • CCNB2 protein, human
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin B
  • Cyclin B1
  • Cyclin B2
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Wee2 protein, human
  • wee1 protein, S pombe
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • WEE1 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases
  • CDK2 protein, human
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases