Optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) eye movements of myasthenia gravis (MG) and nonmyasthenic ocular palsies, and normal subjects were examined under closed-loop and open-loop conditions. The open-loop OKN condition was achieved by adding the signal of eye-movement velocity of OKN to the computer-generated signal controlling the stimulus grating moving. The OKN was recorded by means of electromagnetic search scleral coil technique. In MG patients, the open-loop gains of OKN increased significantly after the intramuscular injection of an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, neostigmine, while the closed-loop OKN gains were not significantly changed. Both the closed-loop and open-loop OKN gains of normal subjects and nonmyasthenic patients were not increased for the administration of neostigmine. The experimental results indicated that the open-loop OKN gain could be sensitive to reflect the changes of the function of neuromuscular junction in MG patients.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.