Objective: Lower uterine segment thickness was measured by transvaginal ultrasound examination and its correlations with the occurrence of uterine dehiscence and rupture was examined.
Methods: The thickness of the muscular layer of the lower uterine segment was measured in 186 term gravidas with previous uterine scars and its correlation with uterine dehiscence/rupture was investigated.
Results: Uterine dehiscence was found in 9 cases or 4.7%. There were no cases of the uterine rupture. The thickness of the lower uterine segment among the gravidas with dehiscence was significantly less in than those without dehiscence (p< 0.01). The cut-off value for the thickness of the lower uterine segment was 1.6 mm as calculated by the receiver operating characteristic curve. The sensitivity was 77.8%; specificity 88.6%; positive predictive value 25.9%; negative predictive value 98.7%.
Conclusion: Measurement of the lower uterine segment is useful in predicting the absence of dehiscence among gravidas with previous cesarean section. If the thickness of the lower uterine segment is more than 1.6 mm, the possibility of dehiscence during the subsequent trials of labor is very small.