cDNA representational difference analysis of human neutrophils stimulated by GM-CSF

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Oct 22;277(2):401-9. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.3678.


Neutrophils are the first cell type to migrate out of the vascular space and into the inflammatory site during an acute inflammation. However, in chronic inflammatory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a lack of clearance of neutrophils, imbalance between inflammatory mediators produced by neutrophils and their natural inhibitors make these cells a potential cause of tissue destruction in lung disease. Neutrophilic inflammation is generally characterised by high levels of local expression of activating cytokines (e.g., GM-CSF). Only a few studies have been published so far that have investigated the expression of genes preferentially expressed in activated neutrophils. The isolation of such genes, however, can lead to a better understanding of inflammatory disease and the identification of potential novel therapeutic targets or markers of the disease. We performed representational difference analysis of cDNA, a sensitive PCR-based subtractive enrichment procedure, and isolated 12 genes, 1 EST clone, and 3 sequences not represented in the public databases. Differential expression for 9 of these clones was confirmed by Northern hybridisation. Of the above nine transcripts three were chosen and shown to be up-regulated in neutrophils cocultured with stimulated primary human bronchial epithelial cells using a semiquantitative RT-PCR approach. Among the known genes identified were HM-74, CIS1, Cathepsin C, alpha-enolase, CD44, and the gene Translocation Three Four (TTF), most of them previously not known to be involved in GM-CSF induced neutrophil activation. Along with its tissue and cellular distribution we also derived the complete cDNA sequence and genomic structure of CIS1 using an in silico approach. In addition, we also report the initial characterisation of a novel gene, P1-89 that is primarily expressed in granulocytes and is up-regulated in activated cells. Our results identify several important genes associated with neutrophil activation and can lead to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of neutrophilic inflammations.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Bronchi / metabolism
  • Cathepsin C / genetics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coculture Techniques
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism*
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Gene Library
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Granulocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronan Receptors / genetics
  • Immediate-Early Proteins / genetics
  • Inflammation
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / biosynthesis
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / genetics
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transcription Factors
  • Up-Regulation
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Hyaluronan Receptors
  • Immediate-Early Proteins
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RhoH protein, human
  • Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Cathepsin C
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase