Intracerebral aneurysms in human immunodeficiency virus infection: case report and literature review

Pediatr Neurol. 2000 Sep;23(3):252-5. doi: 10.1016/s0887-8994(00)00179-x.


We describe a child with human immunodeficiency virus infection who presented with a large subarachnoid hemorrhage. She had multiple saccular and fusiform aneurysms in the proximal cerebral arterial circulation and no evidence of bacterial or fungal infection. The arteriopathy coincided with a high human immunodeficiency virus RNA load. Human immunodeficiency virus may cause cerebral arteriopathy with potentially life-threatening complications.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Dementia Complex / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Viral Load