Panic disorder and idiopathic cardiomyopathy

J Psychosom Res. 2000 Jun;48(6):585-7. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3999(00)00140-9.


Objective: This study investigated whether, among a population of cardiac patients, there is a preferential association between idiopathic cardiomyopathy (CMP) and Panic Disorder (PD).

Methods: A total of 93 patients with cardiac failure, 50 of them with CMP, 43 with other cardiac diseases, underwent a standard psychiatric examination using the MINI neuropsychiatric interview.

Results: While half of the subjects met the criteria for a psychiatric disorder, PD was no more prevalent in the CMP group compared to other patients.

Conclusion: This study confirms the high prevalence of psychiatric pathology, particularly anxiety, mood, and alcohol-related disorders, in patients with cardiac failure. However, previous findings on the specific association between CMP and PD could not be replicated.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathies / diagnosis
  • Cardiomyopathies / epidemiology*
  • Cardiomyopathies / psychology
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure / psychology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Panic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Panic Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Panic Disorder / psychology