The Epidemiology of Nematode and Fluke Infections in Cattle in the Red River Delta in Vietnam

Vet Parasitol. 2000 Nov 10;93(2):141-7. doi: 10.1016/s0304-4017(00)00363-0.

Abstract

Over a period of 13 months, faecal samples were collected monthly from approximately 45 cattle over 3 months of age. Additionally, 74 calves of 1-2 months were sampled to determine the presence of Toxocara vitulorum eggs. Individual egg counts and infective strongyle larvae from pooled faecal samples were examined. Post-mortem worm counts were carried out on six groups of tracer calves (n=12) that had been kept for 4 weeks on pasture in and around the village studied. The following helminths were identified: T. vitulorum, Cooperia punctata, C. pectinata, C. oncophora, Oesophagostomum radiatum, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, Haemonchus spp., Fasciola spp. and Paramphistomum spp. In 8% of the samples collected from young calves, individual egg counts for T. vitulorum were found indicative for pathogenic worm burdens. Strongyle egg counts and worm counts indicated that transmission is low without a distinct seasonality. In animals of 3-9 months old, a strongyle egg count peak can be demonstrated which at a higher age steadily and significantly decreased. In faecal cultures Cooperia spp. were most prominent in all age groups throughout the year with the exception of the period September-November when Haemonchus spp. and Oesophagostomum spp. were most prevalent. Fasciola spp. eggs were found in 22% of the collected faecal samples and the egg counts were low indicating that the intensity of Fasciola spp. infection is mild. Based on the present data, regular anthelmintic treatments seem not to be justified, except for a single treatment at the age of 2 weeks against toxocariosis.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Fascioliasis / epidemiology
  • Fascioliasis / veterinary*
  • Feces / parasitology
  • Nematode Infections / epidemiology
  • Nematode Infections / veterinary*
  • Parasite Egg Count / veterinary
  • Prevalence
  • Vietnam / epidemiology