Objective: To study retrospectively the identification, characteristics, and localization of myospherulosis in different types of renal cell carcinomas.
Design: Twenty-seven consecutive renal cell carcinomas treated by radical nephrectomy in 1 year were studied. All the tumor and nontumor slides were examined for myospherulosis. The demographic data, histological type of renal cell carcinoma, Robson stage, and Fuhrman grades were recorded.
Results: Myospherules were found in 10 cases. They were associated with the clear cell type and a higher nuclear grade. The cell type remained the only significant factor when these 2 factors were tested together with the tumor stage by logistic regression. Myospherulosis tended to be found in younger patients but was not associated with the sex or the side of the tumor. They were scattered within tumor cystic spaces or among sheets of tumor cells. Some of the myospherules might arise from histiocytes or even tumor cells. Compared with previous reports of myospherulosis associated with exogenous or endogenous lipid, the myospherules associated with renal cell carcinoma were smaller and more uniform in size. There is no associated fibrosis or foreign body giant cell reaction.
Conclusion: As far as we know, this is the first report of myospherulosis occurring in malignant tumors in human, and their associated features are different from those previously described for myospherulosis related to exogenous or endogenous lipid.