Bending vibrations of the femur and the oscillatory behavior of a cemented femoral hip endoprosthesis

J Biomech Eng. 2000 Aug;122(4):416-22. doi: 10.1115/1.1286317.


The paper presents a novel method for recording amplitude and phase of 6D-vibrations of a spatial pendulum over a wide frequency range (10 Hz up to 20 kHz). The six degrees of freedom of the pendulum mass were monitored by three electrodynamic stereo pickups. At rest, the tips of the needles and the pendulum's center of mass defined the reference system with respect to which the oscillations of the mass were recorded in terms of their amplitudes and phases. Its small dimensions, constant transfer characteristics, linearity, high dynamics, and virtual lack of reaction onto the moving system over the entire frequency range provided the advantages of the measuring system. This method was used to analyze the spatial 6D-vibrations of the head of a cemented femoral hip endoprosthesis when the femur was stimulated to bending vibrations. The head of the prosthesis carried out axial rotational vibrations at every frequency used to stimulate the femur. The amplitudes of the axial rotations of the cortical bone were small in comparison to the ones of the prosthesis head, indicating that axial rotational vibrations following femur bending vibrations mainly stressed the spongiosa and the cement layer. This was observed over the entire frequency range, including at the low frequencies relevant for gait. Over the low-frequency range, as well as at some of the higher resonance frequencies, stationary instantaneous helical axes characterized the vibrations. The measurements suggest the mechanism that the interface "implant-bone" may already be stressed by axial torsional loads when the femur is loaded by bending impacts that are known to occur during walking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bone Cements* / adverse effects
  • Equipment Failure Analysis / methods*
  • Hip Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Oscillometry / methods*
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Rotation
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Torsion Abnormality
  • Vibration* / adverse effects
  • Weight-Bearing


  • Bone Cements