Applying phage antibodies to proteomics: selecting single chain Fv antibodies to antigens blotted on nitrocellulose

Anal Biochem. 2000 Nov 1;286(1):119-28. doi: 10.1006/abio.2000.4788.


Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis is a powerful tool for identification of proteins that differ between patients with qualitatively or quantitatively different disease states. Further characterization of these protein differences would be greatly facilitated by the availability of antibodies that could be used to detect and quantitate the temporo-spatial pattern and cellular and tissue location of the different proteins. To generate such antibodies, methods were developed which permit the successful selection of monoclonal phage antibodies from phage display libraries against antigens blotted from SDS-PAGE gels onto nitrocellulose. First, it was determined that nitrocellulose and PVDF membranes gave significantly lower levels of background phage binding than two other membranes studied. Next, it was determined that blocking with fish gelatin and binding in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl could reduce nonspecific binding 10,000-fold and result in enrichment ratios greater than 500-fold with antigen concentrations as low as 1 ng/mm(2). When optimized conditions were applied to phage antibody libraries, panels of monoclonal phage antibodies were generated against the proteins ErbB2 and bovine serum albumin electroblotted from SDS-PAGE gels onto nitrocellulose. Antibodies were obtained with as little as 10 to 1 ng of antigen, depending on whether the libraries displayed single or multiple copies of antibody per phage. The antibodies worked as reagents in both ELISA and Western blotting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigen-Antibody Reactions*
  • Antigens / metabolism*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cattle
  • Collodion*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Fishes
  • Gelatin / pharmacology
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / metabolism*
  • Peptide Library
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / immunology
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism
  • Serum Albumin / chemistry
  • Serum Albumin / immunology
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments
  • Peptide Library
  • Serum Albumin
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Gelatin
  • Collodion
  • Receptor, ErbB-2