Challenges in ophthalmic pathology: the vitreoretinal membrane biopsy

Eye (Lond). 2000 Aug;14 ( Pt 4):549-59. doi: 10.1038/eye.2000.142.


The introduction of vitreoretinal microsurgery has produced a new type of biopsy; that of the vitreoretinal membrane. This review investigates methods by which these scar-like tissues are handled in the laboratory and explores the implications of the results of such evaluations. The study of vitreoretinal membrane biopsies has provided much information concerning the pathobiology of the various conditions which may give rise to the tissue as well as insights into how membranes themselves develop. Moreover, the application of new laboratory techniques is expected to enhance our understanding of the formation of vitreoretinal membranes, and lead to further advances in their surgical and medical management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy / methods*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / pathology
  • Epiretinal Membrane / pathology
  • Eye Diseases / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Macular Degeneration / pathology
  • Membranes / pathology
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Specimen Handling
  • Vitreous Body / pathology*