The goals of this study were to examine the relationship between intravenous doses of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM281 (N-(morpholin-4-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide) and the degree of occupancy of this receptor, and to relate occupancy to the ability of this compound to antagonize the sedative effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2. Occupancy was determined by measuring the ability of intravenous doses of AM281 to inhibit in vivo binding of [(131)I]AM281 in brain areas, and locomotor activity was assessed by measuring the rate of beam crossings in a photocell apparatus. As previously documented, WIN 55,212-2 (1 mg/kg, i.v.) significantly reduced locomotor activity at early times after administration. Co-injection of AM281 (0.3 mg/kg i/v) and WIN 55, 212-2 restored the rate of beam crossings to that seen on injection of vehicle. In addition, AM281 (0.3 mg/kg i/v) approximately doubled locomotor activity between 60-120 min when injected alone. The IC(50) value for displacement of [(131)I]AM281 by AM281 was 0.45 mg/kg. These observations confirm earlier indications that AM281 is a CB1 receptor antagonist or inverse agonist and suggest the existence of an endogenous cannabinoid tone that moderates exploratory locomotor activity.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.