HIV and Leishmania coinfection: a review of 91 cases with focus on atypical locations of Leishmania

Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Oct;31(4):1093-5. doi: 10.1086/318135.


A retrospective study was conducted in France in 1998 to determine the clinical features of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in 91 patients infected cocomitantly with human immunodeficiency virus. Our data suggest that the clinical manifestations of VL may be influenced by the immunological status, with atypical locations of Leishmania amastigotes more frequently found in severely immunocompromised patients. In such patients, the involvement of atypical locations may lead to the discovery of VL.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications*
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • France
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / complications*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies