Efficacy of ajoene in the treatment of tinea pedis: a double-blind and comparative study with terbinafine

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000 Nov;43(5 Pt 1):829-32. doi: 10.1067/mjd.2000.107243.

Abstract

Ajoene, an organosulfur compound originally isolated from garlic, has been shown to be effective in short-term treatment of tinea pedis. We compare the safety and effectiveness of twice-daily topical application during 1 week of 0.6% and 1% ajoene and 1% terbinafine in the treatment of tinea pedis. Seventy soldiers from the Venezuelan Armed Forces, with clinical and mycologic diagnosis of tinea pedis, were included in this study. However, only 47 were available for final evaluation. The patients were randomly distributed into 3 treatment groups: 0.6% ajoene, 1% ajoene, and 1% terbinafine. Clinical follow-up shows a rapid decline in the signs and symptoms in all groups. Efficacy of the treatments, measured as mycologic cure, 60 days after the end of the therapy was 72% for 0.6% ajoene, 100% for 1% ajoene, and 94% for 1% terbinafine. This represents the first demonstration of the therapeutic application of an inhibitor of phospholipid biosynthesis in human dermatophytosis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Adult
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Disulfides / administration & dosage
  • Disulfides / pharmacology*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Naphthalenes / administration & dosage
  • Naphthalenes / pharmacology*
  • Plant Extracts / administration & dosage
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Terbinafine
  • Tinea Pedis / drug therapy*
  • Tinea Pedis / pathology
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Disulfides
  • Naphthalenes
  • Plant Extracts
  • ajoene
  • Terbinafine