Artery and vein separation using susceptibility-dependent phase in contrast-enhanced MRA

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Nov;12(5):661-70. doi: 10.1002/1522-2586(200011)12:5<661::aid-jmri2>;2-l.


In magnetic resonance angiography, contrast agents are frequently used to help highlight arteries over background tissue. Unfortunately, enhancing veins hamper the visualization of arteries when data are collected over a long period of time after the arterial phase of the contrast agent. To overcome this problem, we have developed a novel imaging and postprocessing method that is capable of eliminating veins by utilizing the susceptibility difference between veins and surrounding tissue. This method was applied in the peripheral vasculature where the vessels are predominantly parallel to the main field and where the blood oxygen level-dependent effect is most pronounced. Results are presented for both long (15.8 msec) and short echo times (7.8 msec) and for sequential and centrally reordered acquisition schemes. The short echo scan approach appears to be the most promising, making it possible to obtain good suppression of the venous signal even when the timing is not perfect or when repeat scans are necessary.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arteries / anatomy & histology*
  • Contrast Media*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gadolinium DTPA*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement*
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Veins / anatomy & histology*


  • Contrast Media
  • Gadolinium DTPA