In a prospective analysis the question should be answered, wether the mortality rate of femur fractures close to the hip joint can be diminished by operating as early as possible. 161 patients elder than 65 years could be included in the study. 86% of the 161 patients were operated upon 24 hours after trauma. The infection rate amounted to 3.4% after endoprothesis and to 1.2% after osteosynthesis. The hospital mortality was 7.4%. More than 85% of the patients could be discharged into the usual domestic surroundings. The rate of systemic complications (25.3%) was similar to the rate reported by the Chamber of Physicians with 26.1%. The hospital length of stay could not be diminished by this concept. By operating as early as possible the patients' request for mobility is fulfilled without running unjustifiable risks regarding mortality and postoperative complications. The mortality rate corresponds to the literature.