Linking manager values and behavior with employee values and behavior: a study of values and safety in the hairdressing industry

J Occup Health Psychol. 2000 Oct;5(4):417-27. doi: 10.1037//1076-8998.5.4.417.


Five theoretical processes that link values and behavior were identified: value congruence, value-behavior consistency, behavioral modeling, value internalization, and descriptive norms. A values questionnaire was administered to 219 employees and their managers. Values for preventive safety procedures and time urgency were linked to safety behavior of employees in the hairdressing industry. Hairdressers are frequently exposed to hazardous chemicals, and the safety behavior measured was wearing protective gloves. Results support value internalization (linking manager's and employee's values) and behavioral modeling (linking manager's and employee's behavior). Employee time urgency values were also negatively related to safety behavior (value-behavior consistency). Descriptive norms and value congruence were not supported. Strategies to align values within organizations and the management of safety at work are considered.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Employment*
  • Female
  • Hair Preparations / adverse effects*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Industry*
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Safety*
  • Social Values*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Hair Preparations