Organization of the basal ganglia: the importance of axonal collateralization

Trends Neurosci. 2000 Oct;23(10 Suppl):S20-7. doi: 10.1016/s1471-1931(00)00022-7.


Recent neuroanatomical data obtained with single-axon or single-cell labeling procedures in both rodents and primates have revealed the presence of various types of projection neurons with profusely collateralized axons within each of the major components of the basal ganglia. Such findings call for a reappraisal of current concepts of the anatomical and functional organization of the basal ganglia,which play such a crucial role in the control of motor behavior. The basal ganglia now stand as a widely distributed neuronal network, whose elements are endowed with a highly patterned set of axon collaterals. The elucidation of this finely tuned network is needed to understand the complex spatiotemporal sequence of neural events that ensures the flow of cortical information through the basal ganglia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons / physiology
  • Axons / ultrastructure*
  • Basal Ganglia / anatomy & histology*
  • Basal Ganglia / physiology
  • Basal Ganglia / ultrastructure
  • Electrophysiology
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Nerve Net / anatomy & histology*
  • Nerve Net / physiology
  • Neural Pathways
  • Neurons, Efferent / drug effects
  • Neurons, Efferent / physiology
  • Neurons, Efferent / ultrastructure*