Urinary 1-methylhistidine is a marker of meat consumption in Black and in White California Seventh-day Adventists

Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Oct 15;152(8):752-5. doi: 10.1093/aje/152.8.752.


Meat consumption predicts risk of several chronic diseases. The authors validate the accuracy of meat consumption reported by food frequency questionnaires and the mean of eight 24-hour recalls, using urinary methylhistidine excretion, in 55 Black and 71 White Adventist subjects in Los Angeles and San Diego, California, in 1994-1997. 1-Methylhistidine excretion predicts vegetarian status in Black (p = 0.02) and in White (p = 0.005) subjects. Spearman's correlation coefficients between 1-methylhistidine and estimated meat consumption were usually between 0.4 and 0.6 for both food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recall data. This is despite the chance collection of dietary recalls and urines from omnivores on meatless days.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Black or African American*
  • California
  • Christianity*
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Diet Surveys
  • Diet, Vegetarian*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Meat*
  • Mental Recall
  • Methylhistidines / urine*
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Distribution
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • White People*


  • Methylhistidines