Purpose: Cell cycle regulatory components are interesting targets for cancer therapy. Expression of pRb, cyclin D1, cdk4, cyclin E, cdk2, E2F1 and DP-1 was determined in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 breast carcinoma cells, H460 and Calu-6 non-small cell lung carcinoma cells, H82 and SW2 small cell lung carcinoma cells, HCT116 and HT29 colon carcinoma cells and LNCaP and DU-145 prostate carcinoma cells.
Methods: For Western blotting, the ratio with actin expression was used to normalize the data; all lines were run on the same gels.
Results: In cell culture, pRb was not detected in MB-468 and H82 was low in SW2 and DU-145 and highest in HCT116; in tumors, pRb was not detected in MB-468, H82, SW2, and DU-145 and was highest in LNCaP and Calu-6. Cyclin D1 was not detected in SW2 cells in culture, was low in MB-468 and H82, and was highest in LNCaP and H460; in tumors, cyclin D1 was low in MB-468, H460, SW2 and DU 145, and was highest in LNCaP. In cell culture, cdk4 was lowest in Calu-6, HCT116, HT29 and DU-145 and highest in H82 and SW2; in tumors, cdk4 was low in MCF-7, MB-468, H460, Calu-6 and HCT116 and was very high in the SW2. Expression of cyclin E was very low in MCF-7 and HT29 and high in H460 in culture and was very low in MCF-7, H460, Calu-6, H82, HT29 and DU-145 in tumors and high in HCT116 and LNCaP. In cell culture, E2F1 was lowest in MB-468, Calu-6, HT29 and DU-145 cells and highest in LNCaP cells; in tumors, E2F1 was lowest in MCF-7, MB-468 and Calu-6 and highest in LNCaP. In cell culture, DP-1 was lowest in MB-468, HCT116 and HT29 and highest in SW2. The MCF-7 and MB-468 lines were most resistant to flavopiridol and olmoucine and the H460 and Calu-6 lines were most resistant to genistein. The SW2 tumor was most responsive to flavopiridol and olomoucine.
Conclusions: There is a high degree of variability in the expression of cell cycle components in human tumor cell lines, resulting in complexity in predicting response to cell cycle directed agents.