Intraatrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) is common after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of IART targets anatomic areas critical to the maintenance of the arrhythmia circuit, areas that have not been well defined in this patient population. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomic areas critical to IART circuits, defined by activation mapping and confirmed by an acutely successful RF ablation at the site. A total of 110 RF ablation procedures in 88 patients (median age 23.4 years, range 0.1 to 62.7) with CHD were reviewed. Patients were grouped according to surgical intervention: Mustard/Senning (n = 15), other biventricular repaired CHD (n = 24), Fontan (n = 43), and palliated CHD (n = 6). In first-time ablation procedures, > or = 1 IART circuits were acutely terminated in 80% of Mustard/Senning, 71% of repaired CHD, and 72% of Fontan (p = NS). The palliated CHD group underwent 1 of 6 successful procedures (17%), and this patient was excluded. The locations of acutely successful RF applications in Mustard/Senning patients (n = 14 sites) were at the tricuspid valve isthmus (57%) and at the lateral right atrial wall (43%). In patients with repaired CHD (n = 18 sites), successful RF sites were at the isthmus (67%) and the lateral (22%) and anterior (11%) right atria. In the Fontan group (n = 40 sites), successful RF sites included the lateral right atrial wall (53%), the anterior right atrium (25%), the isthmus area (15%), and the atrial septum (7%). Location of success was statistically different for the Fontan group (p = .002). In conclusion, the tricuspid valve isthmus is a critical area for ablation of IART during the Mustard/ Senning procedure and in patients with repaired CHD. IART circuits in Fontan patients are anatomically distinct, with the lateral right atrial wall being the more common area for successful RF applications. This information may guide RF and/or surgical ablation procedures in patients with CHD and IART.