The mitochondrial import receptor Tom70: identification of a 25 kDa core domain with a specific binding site for preproteins

J Mol Biol. 2000 Nov 3;303(4):479-88. doi: 10.1006/jmbi.2000.4120.

Abstract

The mitochondrial import receptor of 70 kDa, Tom70, preferentially recognizes precursors of membrane proteins with internal targeting signals. We report the identification of a stably folded 25 kDa core domain located in the middle portion of Tom70 that contains two of the seven tetratricopeptide repeat motifs of the receptor. The core domain binds non-cleavable and cleavable preproteins carrying internal targeting signals with a specificity indistinguishable from the full-length receptor. Competition studies indicate that both types of preproteins interact with overlapping binding sites of the core domain and that at least one additional interaction site is present in the full-length receptor. We suggest a model of Tom70 function in import of membrane proteins whereby a hydrophobic preprotein concomitantly interacts with several binding sites of the receptor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding, Competitive / drug effects
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mitochondria / drug effects
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Molecular Weight
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Precursors / chemistry
  • Protein Precursors / metabolism*
  • Protein Sorting Signals / genetics
  • Protein Sorting Signals / physiology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport / drug effects
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Sequence Deletion / genetics
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thermodynamics
  • Trypsin / metabolism

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Protein Precursors
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TOM70 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Trypsin