The search for differentially expressed genes in gastric cancer may help define molecular alterations and molecular diagnosis of gastric cancer. Using the differential display PCR technique, we identified 18 genes that are differentially expressed between normal and tumor human gastric tissues. Their expressions were verified with reverse Northern blot analysis and Northern blot analysis. Oxidative phosphorylation-related genes, antizyme inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, protein phosphatase-1beta, 35-kDa peroxisomal membrane protein, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance receptor were highly expressed in tumor tissue, whereas pepsinogen A, Na-K ATPase alpha subunit, nerve growth factor receptor, and alpha-tropomyosin were highly expressed in normal tissue. In addition, 3 unknown genes were found to be differentially expressed in paired gastric tissues. These differentially expressed genes may provide significant opportunities for further understanding of gastric carcinogenesis and the molecular diagnosis of gastric cancer.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.