The Lyp locus controls diabetes development in rats. The diabetogenic allele in diabetes-prone BB rats is responsible for T cell lymphopenia characterized by the absence of regulatory T cells. We present refined genetic and radiation hybrid maps of the Lyp region on rat chromosome 4, a single 800-kb rat yeast artificial chromosome and a rat P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) contig corresponding to approximately 550 kb, both encompassing the entire candidate region. The contig, consisting of 48 PACs, gives 3- to 12-fold coverage. Genetic, radiation hybrid, and physical data were all in agreement and supported the same marker order. Nine genes and ESTs were identified in the contig in addition to a rat EST from the University of Iowa rat EST database-all possible candidate genes for Lyp. Alignment of our rat PAC contig with sequenced human PAC/BAC contigs confirms the position within the region of 3 of the 10 candidates and identifies an additional 8 genes/ESTs as candidates. These data will facilitate identification of Lyp.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.