The reliability and validity of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog) among the elderly Chinese in Hong Kong

Ann Acad Med Singap. 2000 Jul;29(4):474-85.


Introduction: The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) was reported to be a sensitive cognitive function assessment scale for Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The English, Greek, Spanish but not Chinese versions had been validated previously.

Objectives: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the reliability and validity of an adapted Chinese version of the ADAS-cog among Chinese elderly AD patients in Hong Kong.

Materials and method: Thirty-nine subjects were recruited during the period July to December 1998. Twenty were AD patients while 19 were non-demented normal subjects. Two raters administered the ADAS-cog scale thrice on different occasions.

Results: The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of the ADAS-cog were 0.91, 0.88 and 0.65 for the whole group, the AD and normal (i.e. non-demented) subjects respectively. The test-retest reliability as measured by the Spearman's rho correlation coefficients were 0.96, 0.86 and 0.86 for the whole group, AD and normal subjects, respectively, (all P < 0.001). The Spearman's rho correlation coefficients for inter-rater reliability were 0.95 (P < 0.001), 0.91 (P < 0.001) and 0.65 (P = 0.003) for the whole group, AD and normal subjects, respectively. The ADAS-cog score was inversely related to the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score (Spearman's rho = -0.91; P < 0.001). The ADAS-cog score was directly proportional to the Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) (rho = 0.89; P < 0.001). Forward stepwise discriminant function analysis between AD and normal subjects yielded a canonical discriminant function with 3-question items (i.e. word recall test, orientation and comprehension of speech; P < 0.001). This short version had a sensitivity of 90%, specificity of 94.7% and overall accuracy of 92.3%.

Conclusion: The Chinese version of ADAS-cog subscale is both reliable and valid among the elderly Chinese in Hong Kong.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / classification
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis*
  • Alzheimer Disease / ethnology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China / ethnology
  • Cognition*
  • Discriminant Analysis
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment*
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Status Schedule / standards
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / standards*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric