Premature ejaculation: a psychophysiological approach for assessment and management

J Sex Marital Ther. 2000 Oct-Dec;26(4):293-320. doi: 10.1080/009262300438715.


This article distinguishes several subtypes of biogenic and psychogenic premature ejaculation (PE) according to their etiologic features: the physiological PE types of (a) neurologic constitution, (b) acute physical illness, (c) physical injury, and (d) pharmacologic side effect; and the psychological PE types of (a) psychological constitution, (b) acute psychological distress, (c) relationship distress, and (d) psychosexual skills deficit. Attention is given to assessment and differential diagnosis, and to specific treatment of the types of PE, such as the pharmacologic management of difficult neurologic cases. Effective psychosexual treatment combines multiple strategies such as physiological relaxation, pubococcygeal muscle training, cognitive and behavioral pacing strategies, and the involvement of the partner in the therapy. Treatment should determine the specific type of PE and comprehensively address its particular features in order to improve long-term treatment effectiveness.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Ejaculation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotherapy
  • Relaxation
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological* / diagnosis
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological* / physiopathology
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological* / therapy