Cre-mediated germline mosaicism: a method allowing rapid generation of several alleles of a target gene

Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):E92. doi: 10.1093/nar/28.21.e92.


Conditional gene targeting uses the insertion of expression cassettes for the selection of targeted embryonic stem cells. The presence of these cassettes in the final targeted chromosomal locus may affect the normal expression of the targeted gene and produce interesting knock down phenotypes. We show here that the selection cassette may then be selectively removed in vivo, using three appropriately positioned loxP sites in the targeted gene and the transgenic mouse EIIaCre. This strategy was applied to two different target genes and we demonstrated that it is reliable and reproducible. First, we generated double transgenic EIIaCre/loxP mice (F1) that showed variable degrees of mosaicism for partially CRE-recombined floxed alleles. Efficiency of EIIaCre at creating mosaicism was dependent on the target gene and on parental transmission of the transgene. The segregation of partially recombined alleles and EIIaCre transgene was obtained in the next generation using mosaic F1 males. Mosaic females were unsuitable for this purpose because they systematically generated complete excisions during oogenesis. Our strategy is applicable to other approaches based on three loxP sites. As this procedure allows generation of knock down (presence of neo), knockout (total exision of the loxP-flanked sequences) and floxed substrains (excision of the selection cassette) from a single, targeted germline mutation and in a single experiment, its use may become more widespread in conditional mutagenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Alleles*
  • Animals
  • Attachment Sites, Microbiological / genetics
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Chromosome Segregation / genetics
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Female
  • Gene Dosage
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Targeting*
  • Genotype
  • Germ-Line Mutation / genetics*
  • Integrases / genetics
  • Integrases / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mosaicism / genetics*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / chemistry
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed*
  • Phenotype
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / genetics
  • Recombination, Genetic / genetics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Transgenes / genetics
  • Viral Proteins*


  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Viral Proteins
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Cre recombinase
  • Integrases