The increased incidence of gastrointestinal lymphoma and adenocarcinoma in patients with celiac sprue is well recognized, with 10% to 15% developing a gastrointestinal malignancy. Somatostatinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors that occur most commonly within the pancreatic head or duodenum. Although fewer than 100 cases have been reported, somatostatinomas are often associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia-1 syndrome and von Recklinghausen's disease. The unusual case of a 43-year-old woman with celiac sprue in which a somatostatinoma involving the ampulla of Vater was identified and resected is presented. To our knowledge, somatostatinomas have not been previously reported in patients with celiac sprue.