Adenovirus-mediated antisense ATM gene transfer sensitizes prostate cancer cells to radiation

Cancer Gene Ther. 2000 Oct;7(10):1307-14. doi: 10.1038/sj.cgt.7700242.

Abstract

Treatment failure after radiation therapy of prostate cancer (PC) could be a significant problem. Our objective is to design genetic radiosensitizing strategies for the treatment of PC. Cells from individuals with the genetic disorder ataxia telangiectasia (AT) are hypersensitive to ionizing radiation. Therefore, we examined whether attenuation of the AT gene product, AT mutated (ATM), in PC cells could result in an increased intrinsic radiosensitivity. A p53-mutant PC cell line, PC-3 was infected with adenoviral vectors, expressing antisense ATM RNA to various domains of the ATM gene. Immunoblot analyses of cellular extracts from antisense ATM-transfected PC-3 cells showed attenuated expression of the ATM protein within 2 days of viral infection. Compared with cells infected with an adeno-beta-galactosidase vector, antisense ATM-transfected PC-3 cells showed aberrant control of S-phase cell-cycle checkpoints after exposure to ionizing radiation. Under these conditions, the intrinsic radiosensitivity of the PC-3 cells was enhanced. Consequently antisense ATM gene therapy could serve as a paradigm for strategies that target the cellular survival mechanisms of an irradiated tumor cell and may provide therapeutic benefit to patients undergoing radiation therapy for PC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / genetics*
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • DNA Damage / radiation effects
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • RNA, Antisense / genetics*
  • Radiation Tolerance / genetics*
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents / therapeutic use
  • Transfection*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / radiation effects*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RNA, Antisense
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • ATM protein, human
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases