The interrelationships between the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, renal haemodynamics and urinary sodium excretion were investigated in fifty-six non-azotaemic cirrhotics with ascites. In twelve additional patients the renal renin secretion rate was also studied. Plasma renin activity and concentration and plasma aldosterone ranged from normal to very high values. There was a significant inverse relationship between plasma aldosterone and the urinary sodium excretion. Plasma aldosterone showed a highly significant direct correlation with plasma renin activity, and plasma renin concentration was closely and directly related to the estimated renin secretion rate. Neither plasma renin activity, plasma renin concnetration nor the estimated renin secretion rate correlated with the renal plasma flow or the glomerular filtration rate. These results suggest that in non-azotaemic cirrhosis with ascites the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is an important factor influencing sodium excretion, increased plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations are mainly due to an increased secretion rate, and total renal perfusion is not a major factor influencing renin secretion.