Molecular cloning of a divinyl ether synthase. Identification as a CYP74 cytochrome P-450

J Biol Chem. 2001 Feb 2;276(5):3620-7. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M008964200. Epub 2000 Nov 1.

Abstract

Lipoxygenase-derived fatty acid hydroperoxides are metabolized by CYP74 cytochrome P-450s to various oxylipins that play important roles in plant growth and development. Here, we report the characterization of a Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato) cDNA whose predicted amino acid sequence defines a previously unidentified P-450 subfamily (CYP74D). The recombinant protein, expressed in Escherichia coli, displayed spectral properties of a P-450. The enzyme efficiently metabolized 9-hydroperoxy linoleic acid and 9-hydroperoxy linolenic acid but was poorly active against the corresponding 13-hydroperoxides. Incubation of recombinant CYP74D with 9-hydroperoxy linoleic acid and 9-hydroperoxy linolenic acid yielded divinyl ether fatty acids (colneleic acid and colnelenic acid, respectively), which have been implicated as plant anti-fungal toxins. This represents the first identification of a cDNA encoding a divinyl ether synthase and establishment of the enzyme as a CYP74 P-450. Genomic DNA blot analysis revealed the existence of a single divinyl ether synthase gene located on chromosome one of tomato. In tomato seedlings, root tissue was the major site of both divinyl ether synthase mRNA accumulation and enzyme activity. These results indicate that developmental expression of the divinyl ether synthase gene is an important determinant of the tissue specific synthesis of divinyl ether oxylipins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • Escherichia coli
  • Gene Dosage
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / enzymology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oxidoreductases / genetics*
  • Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • DNA, Complementary
  • Plant Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Oxidoreductases
  • divinyl ether synthase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF317515