Neutralizing antibody provided protection against enterovirus type 71 lethal challenge in neonatal mice

J Biomed Sci. Nov-Dec 2000;7(6):523-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02253368.

Abstract

Experimental infection with enterovirus type 71 (EV71) induced death in neonatal mice in an age- and dose-dependent manner. The mortality rate was 100% following intraperitoneal inoculation 1-day-old ICR mice and this gradually decreased as the age at the time of inoculation increased (60% in 3-day-old mice and no deaths occurred in mice older than 6 days of age). A lethal dose greater than 10(8) PFU was necessary. Lethargy, failure to gain weight, rear limb tremors and paralysis were observed in the infected mice before death. EV71 was isolated from various tissues of the dead mice. Using a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique with a specific primer pair, a 332-bp product was detected in the tissues that produced a culture positive for EV71. Protection against EV71 challenge in neonatal mice was demonstrated following passive transfer of serum from actively immunized adult mice 1 day after inoculation with the virus. Pups from hyperimmune dams were resistant to EV71 challenge. Additionally, maternal immunization with a formalin-inactivated whole-virus vaccine prolonged the survival of pups after EV71 lethal challenge.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Antibodies, Viral*
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • Enterovirus / genetics
  • Enterovirus / immunology*
  • Enterovirus / pathogenicity*
  • Enterovirus Infections / immunology*
  • Enterovirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Immunity, Maternally-Acquired
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Viral Vaccines / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Antibodies, Viral
  • DNA Primers
  • Viral Vaccines