beta-Lactamase inhibitor:beta-lactam combinations remain one of the most successful strategies for the treatment of bacterial infections. Over the last 20 years the number and diversity of serine and metallo active site beta-lactamases has increased dramatically. This review highlights some of the new additions to the beta-lactamase arena and discusses how the commercially available beta-lactamase inhibitors are keeping pace with the changing epidemiology of beta-lactamases. In addition, we survey the progress with the design of novel inhibitors of serine and metallo-beta-lactamases. Focus is given to the recent advances in the design of metallo-beta-lactamase inhibitors as these enzymes pose a serious emerging threat to the use of all beta-lactam based therapies.