Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine the important molecules responsible for the invasive activity of ovarian cancer cells.
Methods: We compared the biological characteristics, that is, growth rate, motility, and invasive activity, of five ovarian cancer cell lines with the gene expression of various matrix proteases (matrix metalloproteinase-1 [MMP-1], MMP-2, MMP-9, membrane-type MMP type 1 [MT1-MMP], MT2-MMP, MT3-MMP, urokinase plasminogen activator [uPA]), their inhibitors (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase type 1 [TIMP-1], TIMP-2, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, [PAI-1], and PAI-2), and the potential transcriptional regulators E1AF and Ets-1.
Results: There was no clear correlation in the growth rate, motility, and invasion, suggesting that there are independent properties for malignant potential in ovarian cancer cells. However, HTBOA, a poorly differentiated cancer cell line, exhibited highly invasive activity, rapid growth, and increased motility. This cell line also expressed both Ets transcriptional factors, E1AF and Ets-1, and many matrix-degrading enzymes. Three cell lines that expressed E1AF showed rapid cell growth. The highly invasive cell lines, HTBOA and HTOA (well-differentiated serous cystadenocarcinoma), produced either MMP-2 or MMP-1, and both cell lines expressed MT1-MMP and uPA. Furthermore, the active forms of pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-1 were detected in HTBOA and HTOA by zymography.
Conclusion: We conclude that activated MMP-2 and MMP-1 are important in the invasive activity of these ovarian cancer cells.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.