This work was carried out with the purpose of determining the prevalence of intestinal parasitoses in the school children of Bambuí, through parasitological examinations (direct and Kato-Katz methods) and reevaluating the snails' breeding places described in the county. Of the 2,091 school children examined, 20.1% had at least one parasitic infection. Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba coli, Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm are the most frequent parasites, with a prevalence of 6.2%, 6.2%, 4.8% and 1.4%, respectively. The hookworms were significantly more frequent among students from the rural area and in those aged over 14 years, while the prevalence of E. coli was greater in the urban area and the G. lamblia was more frequent in children under 6 years old. Only three children shed eggs of Schistosoma mansoni. The only intermediate host found was Biomphalaria glabrata and none of them was shedding cercariae of S. mansoni. When these data were compared with data from other surveys previously effected in the county, a decline was observed in the prevalence of all parasites. Some hypotheses which may explain this decline are discussed, such as: intense urbanization process and improvement of social-sanitary conditions of the county.