Myosin Is are associated with specific membranes, however, the mechanism for regulating their intracellular localization is unclear. As a first step towards understanding this mechanism, membrane rebinding assays using Dictyostelium myoB were performed. Crude, cytosolic myoB bound to intact, but not to NaOH-treated plasma membranes. In contrast, partially purified myoB binds to both intact and NaOH-treated plasma membranes. Chemical cross-linking of cytosolic myoB yielded several products, whereas none were found with the partially purified myoB. These results suggest a model where proteins regulating the specific binding of myoB to the plasma membrane may exist both in the cytosol and on the plasma membrane.