Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. The 5T allele in intron 8 (IVS8) causes abnormal splicing in the CFTR gene, and is associated with lung disease when it occurs in cis with a missense mutation in the CFTR gene, R117H. However, the 5T variant alone has not been reported to cause lung disease. We describe two adult female patients with CF-like lung disease associated with the 5T allele. One patient's genotype is 5T-TG12-M470V/5T-TG12-M470V, and the other is DeltaF508/5T-TG12-M470V; full sequencing of the CFTR gene revealed no other mutation on the same allele as the 5T variant. The levels of full-length CFTR mRNA in respiratory epithelia were very low in these patients (11 and 6%, respectively, of total CFTR mRNA expression). Both patients had defective CFTR-mediated chloride conductance in the sweat ductal and/or acinar epithelia (sweat chloride, mmol/L, mean +/- SEM: 40.0 +/- 5.0 [n = 8 samples] and 80. 0 +/- 3.5 [n = 6 samples]) and airway epithelia (mV, mean +/- SEM CFTR-mediated Cl(-) conductance of 1.2 +/- 2.2 [n = 5 studies] and -6.75 +/- 8.1 [n = 4 studies]). These data suggest that the 5T polythymidine tract sequence on specific haplotype backgrounds (TG12 and M470V) may cause a low level of full-length functional CFTR protein and CF-like lung disease.