The impact of women's family status on completion of substance abuse treatment

J Behav Health Serv Res. 2000 Nov;27(4):366-79. doi: 10.1007/BF02287819.


This study examines the role of family status and demographic characteristics in explaining the nearly 60% dropout rate for women in substance abuse treatment. Data from the administrative record files of the Illinois Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (OASA) for the fiscal year 1996-97 were analyzed for women age 12 or older who completed intake for publicly funded substance abuse treatment and whose outpatient treatment records were closed at year-end. Multivariate logistic regression models found that the likelihood of not completing treatment was greatest for women who were African American, pregnant, had custody of minor children, or were younger than age 21. However, African American women who had children in foster care were more likely to complete treatment. Implications for treatment and research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Female
  • Health Services Research
  • Homeless Persons / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Illinois / epidemiology
  • Logistic Models
  • Marital Status* / ethnology
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Odds Ratio
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / methods
  • Outpatients / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Dropouts / statistics & numerical data
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Centers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / prevention & control
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*