Scaffolds in tissue engineering bone and cartilage

Biomaterials. 2000 Dec;21(24):2529-43. doi: 10.1016/s0142-9612(00)00121-6.


Musculoskeletal tissue, bone and cartilage are under extensive investigation in tissue engineering research. A number of biodegradable and bioresorbable materials, as well as scaffold designs, have been experimentally and/or clinically studied. Ideally, a scaffold should have the following characteristics: (i) three-dimensional and highly porous with an interconnected pore network for cell growth and flow transport of nutrients and metabolic waste; (ii) biocompatible and bioresorbable with a controllable degradation and resorption rate to match cell/tissue growth in vitro and/or in vivo; (iii) suitable surface chemistry for cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation and (iv) mechanical properties to match those of the tissues at the site of implantation. This paper reviews research on the tissue engineering of bone and cartilage from the polymeric scaffold point of view.

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials*
  • Bone and Bones*
  • Cartilage*
  • Freeze Fracturing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning


  • Biocompatible Materials