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. 2000 Oct 7;356(9237):1255-9.
doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02799-9.

Adverse Drug Reactions: Definitions, Diagnosis, and Management


Adverse Drug Reactions: Definitions, Diagnosis, and Management

I R Edwards et al. Lancet. .


We define an adverse drug reaction as "an appreciably harmful or unpleasant reaction, resulting from an intervention related to the use of a medicinal product, which predicts hazard from future administration and warrants prevention or specific treatment, or alteration of the dosage regimen, or withdrawal of the product." Such reactions are currently reported by use of WHO's Adverse Reaction Terminology, which will eventually become a subset of the International Classification of Diseases. Adverse drug reactions are classified into six types (with mnemonics): dose-related (Augmented), non-dose-related (Bizarre), dose-related and time-related (Chronic), time-related (Delayed), withdrawal (End of use), and failure of therapy (Failure). Timing, the pattern of illness, the results of investigations, and rechallenge can help attribute causality to a suspected adverse drug reaction. Management includes withdrawal of the drug if possible and specific treatment of its effects. Suspected adverse drug reactions should be reported. Surveillance methods can detect reactions and prove associations.

Comment in

  • Adverse drug reactions.
    Frankel D. Frankel D. Lancet. 2000 Oct 7;356(9237):1212. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02781-1. Lancet. 2000. PMID: 11072936 No abstract available.
  • Adverse drug reactions.
    Jobanputra P, Homer D. Jobanputra P, et al. Lancet. 2001 Feb 17;357(9255):561. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71714-1. Lancet. 2001. PMID: 11229703 No abstract available.
  • Adverse drug reactions.
    Roswell R, Van Diepen LR, Jones JK, Hicks WE. Roswell R, et al. Lancet. 2001 Feb 17;357(9255):561-2. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(05)71715-3. Lancet. 2001. PMID: 11229704 No abstract available.

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