Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses in childhood

Neurol Sci. 2000;21(3 Suppl):S35-41. doi: 10.1007/s100720070038.


NCL disorders are progressive brain diseases with an autosomal recessive inheritance in all eleven childhood types. These occur world-wide but may be enriched in some countries. In Finland altogether about 400 patients have been diagnosed during the last forty years. The most common types are the infantile and classic juvenile forms with an incidence of 1: 20,000 and 1: 21,000, respectively Personally followed-up are patients with infantile, classic and Finnish variant late infantile and classic juvenile types. Clinical, neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings in these four NCL forms are reviewed including also management and diagnostic aspects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / diagnosis*
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / etiology
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / therapy
  • Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual
  • Humans
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses / complications
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses / diagnosis*
  • Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses / therapy