Solution and solid-state characterization of Eu(II) chelates: a possible route towards redox responsive MRI contrast agents

Chemistry. 2000 Oct 16;6(20):3761-70. doi: 10.1002/1521-3765(20001016)6:20<3761::aid-chem3761>;2-6.


We report the first solid state X-ray crystal structure for a Eu(II) chelate, [C(NH2)3]3[Eu(II)(DTPA)(H2O)].8H2O, in comparison with those for the corresponding Sr analogue, [C(NH2)3]3[Sr(DTPA)(H2O).8H2O and for [Sr(ODDA)].8H2O (DTPA5 = diethylenetriamine-N,N,N',N",N"-pentaacetate, ODDA2- =1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diazacyclooctadecane-7,16-diacetate ). The two DTPA complexes are isostructural due to the similar ionic size and charge of Sr(2+) and Eu(2+). The redox stability of [Eu(II)(ODDA)(H2O)] and [Eu(II)(ODDM)]2- complexes has been investigated by cyclovoltammetry and UV/Vis spectrophotometry (ODDM4- =1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diaza-cyclooctadecane-7,16-++ +dimalonate). The macrocyclic complexes are much more stable against oxidation than [Eu(II)(DTPA)(H2O)]3- (the redox potentials are E1/2 =-0.82 V, -0.92 V, and -1.35 V versus Ag/AgCl electrode for [Eu(III/II)(ODDA)(H2O)],[Eu(III/II)(ODDM)], and [Eu(III/II)(DTPA)(H2O)], respectively, compared with -0.63 V for Eu(III/II) aqua). The thermodynamic stability constants of [Eu(II)(ODDA)(H2O)], [Eu(II)(ODDM)]2-, [Sr(ODDA)(H2O)], and [Sr(ODDM)]2- were also determined by pH potentiometry. They are slightly higher for the EuII complexes than those for the corresponding Sr analogues (logK(ML)=9.85, 13.07, 8.66, and 11.34 for [Eu(II)(ODDA)(H2O)], [Eu(II)(ODDM)]2-, [Sr(ODDA)(H2O)], and [Sr(ODDM)]2-, respectively, 0.1M (CH3)4NCl). The increased thermodynamic and redox stability of the Eu(II) complex formed with ODDA as compared with the traditional ligand DTPA can be of importance when biomedical application is concerned. A variable-temperature 17O-NMR and 1H-nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) study has been performed on [Eu(II)(ODDA)(H2O)] and [Eu(II)(ODDM)]2- in aqueous solution. [Eu(II)(ODDM)]2- has no inner-sphere water molecule which allowed us to use it as an outer-sphere model for [Eu(II)(ODDA)(H2O)]. The water exchange rate (k298(ex)= 0.43 x 10(9)s(-1)) is one third of that obtained for [Eu(II)(DTPA)(H2O)]3-. The variable pressure 17O-NMR study yielded a negative activation volume, deltaV (not=) = -3.9cm3mol(-1); this indicates associatively activated water exchange. This water exchange rate is in the optimal range to attain maximum proton relaxivities, which are, however, strongly limited by the fast rotation of the small molecular weight complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chelating Agents / chemistry*
  • Contrast Media / chemistry*
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Europium*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Models, Molecular
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxygen Isotopes
  • Pentetic Acid / chemistry
  • Pressure
  • Protons
  • Rotation
  • Solubility
  • Strontium
  • Temperature
  • Thermodynamics
  • Water / metabolism


  • Chelating Agents
  • Contrast Media
  • Oxygen Isotopes
  • Protons
  • Water
  • Europium
  • Pentetic Acid
  • Strontium