Annual incidence of shaken impact syndrome in young children

Lancet. 2000 Nov 4;356(9241):1571-2. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)03130-5.


We looked at the incidence and demography of nonaccidental head injury in children in a prospective population-based study of paediatric units in Scotland during 1998-99. Shaken impact syndrome occurs with an annual incidence of 24.6 per 100000 children younger than 1 year (95% CI 14.9-38.5). Cases are more common in urban regions, and during autumn and winter months. The risk of a child suffering non-accidental head injury by age 1 year is one in 4065. These brain injuries occur almost exclusively in young infants (median age 2.2 months).

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology*
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Scotland / epidemiology
  • Seasons
  • Urban Population